Tony Makhlouf, MD, FACR -  - Rheumatologist

Arthritis and Rheumatology Center

Tony Makhlouf, MD, FACR

Rheumatologist located in Simi Valley, CA

While most people associate psoriasis with skin, 30% of the time the skin condition is an outward symptom of something more serious deeper inside your body, namely within your joints. Psoriatic arthritis, or PsA, is an autoimmune disorder in which your body attacks its own joints, causing debilitating inflammation and pain. At Arthritis and Rheumatology Center, Tony Makhlouf, MD, is highly trained in treating PsA, helping his patients in Simi Valley, California, prolong their joint health. To learn more about PsA treatments, call or use the online scheduler to book an appointment.

Psoriasis Q & A

What is psoriatic arthritis?

Psoriatic arthritis, or PsA, is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s immune system mistakenly attacks your joints and your skin. PsA typically starts out as psoriasis on your skin and progresses to your joints over time. When it reaches your joints, it causes inflammation, which leads to pain, stiffness, and swelling in your joints.

Left untreated, PsA can cause permanent damage to your joints and tissue, making early intervention critical.

What are the types of psoriatic arthritis?

There are five types of PsA, including:

  • Symmetric psoriatic arthritis, which affects the same joints on either side of your body
  • Asymmetric psoriatic arthritis, which may affect only one side of your body
  • Distal psoriatic arthritis, which shows up in the nails of your fingers and toes
  • Spondylitis, which is characterized by neck stiffness
  • Arthritis mutilans, a rare form of PsA that affects the tips of your fingers and toes

What are the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis?

The symptoms of PsA can be hard to pin down since they can come and go. When you’re having a flare-up, the following symptoms are common:

  • Pain in your joints, either on one side of your body, or both
  • Swelling and stiffness in your joints
  • Swelling in your toes and fingers
  • Foot pain
  • Low back pain

In order for Dr. Makhlouf to better treat and diagnose your condition, make an appointment to see him at the first sign of any of these symptoms.

How is psoriatic arthritis treated?

Dr. Makhlouf uses the latest therapies and medications to combat the effects of PsA, including biologic response modifiers. This biologic infusion targets the part of your immune system that’s responsible for causing inflammation. By going straight to the source of the problem, Dr. Makhlouf can prevent damage to your joints.

In addition to biologic infusion therapies, Dr. Makhlouf uses anti-inflammatory medications and steroid injections for joints that are already inflamed.

If Dr. Makhlouf treats your PsA early and aggressively, you have a very good chance of protecting the health of your joints in the long term.

To explore your treatment options for psoriatic arthritis, call Arthritis and Rheumatology Center, or use the scheduling tool on this website.